Very Rich Butter Cake

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 This very rich butter cake recipe post is now updated with step-by-step instructions and tips. Whether you’re a novice or experienced baker, you can easily bake up and savour this marvellously moist and super buttery cake.

rich butter cake

{Update} Dear readers, I hear you! You’ve been telling me how you all absolutely love the flavour of this very rich butter cake, and would love to see how it’s really done. So I’ve now included step-by-step photos, with more detailed tips and instructions. I hope these will offer greater clarity and precision to your bakes.

Which also means that this post just got a whole lot longer but so much better, I promise! It’s so important to me that you can bake up this wonderfully rich butter cake with ease and confidence. Skip right to the end of this post, just before the recipe, for the updates!

Asian butter cakes are super moist and buttery!

This rich butter cake is reminiscent of the traditional Nonya tea cakes of older days. It is a traditional Asian recipe from the cookbook of the late Mrs Leong Yee Soo, one of Singapore’s finest Peranakan culinary matriachs. It seems to have withstood the test of time, and remains a beloved classic that hasn’t lost its appeal nor fallen out of favour.

rich butter cake

This butter cake is decadent, marvellously moist, and super buttery. Just sweet enough and with the lightest hint of vanilla. A simple, back-to-basics butter cake but so very delicious. It’s really hard to resist a slice!

This could be your dream butter cake!

This rich butter cake reminds me of the times when I used to have these crazy cravings for really rich Asian-style butter cakes. You know, the kind that leaves a buttery grease on your fingers holding a slice. I know! May not be heart-healthy, but certainly taste-worthy!

When I was in Canada, I couldn’t find any butter cake quite like it. Not even in the popular bakeries in Chinatown. Out of longing, I tried making my own from scratch. This was way before the era of the internet and the world wide web. Before I was able to afford my first recipe book. And when the only cooking shows I was even remotely aware of were ‘Wok with Yan’ and ‘The Martha Stewart Show’.

slices of rich butter cake

I was renting the basement of a house at the time as a university student. It had half a kitchenette and three little windows. Actually, they were more like half-windows. My landlady’s lawn always seemed to grow faster than she could keep up with the mowing.

I barely had more than one or two large mixing bowls. And a long wooden spoon that served as a paddle beater, whisk and spatula all rolled into one. It was a blessing that my landlady’s oven even worked!

Trying earnestly to recall how my father made his butter cakes, I had to estimate all the ingredients. I had next to nothing for a recipe, save for sheer will and determination. My amateur attempts were less than successful.

Though the butter cakes turned out perfectly edible, it just wasn’t my dream version! Nonetheless, I was delighted that I could tuck into my first homemade butter cake. Every bite, morsel and crumb was savoured!

rich butter cake

Options for making this butter cake

A word of caution, this is a indeed a rich butter cake, with emphasis on ‘very rich‘! But it doesn’t mean that you shouldn’t try it. In fact, all the more reason for you to dive in! It really is a dreamy, delicious butter cake! 

Reducing the amount of butter

I’ve included a reduced butter amount next to the original recipe amount. This way, you can make a choice between making a ‘very rich’ or ‘rich’ version .

Using different sized cake pans

This recipe makes enough batter for one large 20-cm (8-inch) square cake.If you want to bake in loaf pans, there is enough cake batter for 2 loaf cakes. Halve the ingredients if you want a regular sized cake or one loaf. 

How to make rich butter cake – Step-by-step


To start, have all your ingredients at room temperature.

Now, depending on where you live, room temperature could be anything from a cool, even chilly, kitchen, where it’s 18°C inside, in the middle of winter somewhere in the Northern Hemisphere. Or it could be a searing hot and humid 33°C if you live near the Equator like here in Singapore! But for most intensive purposes, it is widely regarded as between 19°C to 21°C.

First, dice the butter when cold and let it come to room temperature.

Chilled butter cuts and slices easily, so have it weighed and cubed once out of the chiller. It’ll probably need 20 to 25 minutes to come to room temperature, so you can go on to prep other ingredients.

If you don’t have an instant-read thermometer, you can easily gauge when butter is ready for creaming by pressing your index finger lightly on its surface. The butter should give way slightly, and you’ll see a slight indentation. It should feel cool to the touch, yet warm enough to spread.

If it starts to get too soft before you’re ready to use it, pop it back into the chiller. But only just long enough for it to firm up a little. Remember to take it out ahead of time, probably when you’re starting to whip up the egg whites.

Meanwhile, let’s get those eggs cracking.

If your eggs are chilled, this is when you’ll want to separate the whites and yolks. It’s just a lot easier. Separate cleanly and carefully. Do not let a single streak of yolk taint your egg whites or else, the whites will not whip up (yolk=fat=grease).

On this note, it’s also very important that the mixer bowl you’ll be using to whip up your whites is dry and completely grease-free. Once separated, eggs should be allowed to come to room temperature before whipping. Cold eggs will take longer to whip, and also do not whip as well as eggs at room temperature (which means less trapped air bubbles = less volume = denser batter).

Sift the flour and salt together – 2x

Next, weigh and sift flour and salt …twice, please.  Try sifting from a height a couple of inches above the bowl, to incorporate more air into the flour. If your salt is coarse and it stays on your sifter, just tip it over into your sifted flour.

In a small bowl, combine the extracts and brandy (optional).

Separately, prepare the condensed milk.

Now, let’s whip up the egg whites.

In a dry and grease-free mixer bowl, pour in the egg whites. Using a hand-held or electric mixer, whip on medium-high speed until the whites start to turn foamy like soapy bubbles.  

Stop the mixer, and spread the baking powder over the egg whites. Turn the mixer back on to medium-high speed, and whip to incorporate the baking powder. Then add the sugar in a slow and steady stream, a little at a time. Continue whipping at medium-high speed until whites reach just stiff peaks. This may take several minutes.

Whip in the egg yolks.

Lightly beat yolks before adding to the whipped egg mixture. Reduce mixer speed to medium. Drizzle in the yolks, a little at a time, and whip until well incorporated. Continue to whip for 1 minute after all the yolks have been added. The whipped egg mixture should be quite thick and fluffy at this point, and tinged evenly to a pale cream colour.

Next, beat the butter.

Now, fit your mixer with the paddle attachment. In the cleaned mixer bowl, put in the butter which should now be at room temperature, as well as the condensed milk. On medium speed, beat together. Stop occasionally to scrape down the sides and bottom of the bowl. Beat until the butter mixture turns a pale colour, and is light and fluffy like whipped cream.

Then, add extracts and liquor (optional).

Beat for 15 seconds to combine well.

At this point, pour in 1 cup of the whipped egg mixture and beat until well incorporated, about 30 seconds.

Last, fold in sifted flour-salt mixture and remaining whipped egg mixture.

Here, you have two ways of going about this.

❶ For the more experienced baker, you can tip in all the flour followed by the remaining egg mixture, altogether at once. I do it this way as I feel that I can achieve a well-combined batter with fewer folds.

Fewer folds will mean the batter will be less worked, and thus minimise the loss of trapped air bubbles. I know it will seem like an enormous exercise to fold all that whipped egg mixture together with the flour, but this batter does become manageable fairly quickly. Be sure to fold until the batter appears homogeneous and has an even consistency.

❷ Alternatively, you could fold in the flour mixture and the remaining egg mixture in 2 batches, alternating between the two. Keep your folding as light and gentle as possible, folding until batter is well combined and smooth. Your batter will feel a little heavy at this final stage, but is of pourable consistency and can be tipped out into the greased pan.

All that’s left to do is BAKE!! Yayyy!!!

Once the batter is poured into the greased pan, spread the batter to cover all the corners of the pan. Level the surface evenly. Give the cake pan a few gentle taps on the counter to get rid of air pockets.

Bake on an oven rack placed in the centre of the oven for 10 mins at 175°C. Then reduce oven temp to 135°C and continue to bake for another 1 hour to 1 hr 15 mins, or until done. 

This cake enjoys a slow, long bake as it is a pretty big cake, after all! So do not be tempted to remove the cake until you’ve checked thoroughly for doneness.

The baking times suggested here are guidelines, as each oven behaves differently. In fact, I recently replaced my old oven with a brand new one, and it seems to take me at least 20 minutes longer to bake this exact same recipe.

How to check that the cake is done baking

So I usually use a couple of methods to assess when a cake is done baking.

  • Use your sight. Check to see if the cake surface has browned evenly to a deep golden brown. Also see if the centre of the cake has fully risen and if the cake has shrunk from the sides of the pan.
  • Use your fingertips. Press lightly in the centre of the cake. When the cake feels firm to the touch and springs back, it is done.
  • Use a bamboo or metal skewer. Insert a bamboo or metal skewer in the centre of the cake. The cake is done if it emerges free of sticky batter.

Here are more awesome butter cake recipes to inspire your next bake:

Tried this recipe? I’d love to see! Remember to share your pics on Instagram and tag @foodelicacy or #foodelicacy.

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Very Rich Butter Cake

Very Rich Butter Cake

Yield: 20 servings
Prep Time: 30 minutes
Cook Time: 1 hour
Total Time: 1 hour 30 minutes

A simple and classic Nonya recipe for a very rich, moist and decadent butter cake with a light hint of vanilla flavour. (Adapted from source: 'The Best of Singapore Cooking' by Mrs Leong Yee Soo). Makes one 20-cm (8-inch) square cake or 2 loaf cakes.


  • 310 g plain flour
  • 1 tsp fine salt
  • 10 egg whites
  • 310 g caster sugar
  • 2 tsp baking powder
  • 10 egg yolks, lightly beaten
  • 455 g butter (or use 350 g for a less rich version)
  • 6 tbsp condensed milk
  • 2 tsp vanilla extract
  • 2 drops almond essence
  • 2 tsp brandy


  1. Pre-heat oven to 175°C (350°F). Place oven rack in the bottom one-third of the oven. Lightly grease the base and sides of a 20 x 20 x 8 cm (8 x 8 x 3 in) cake pan with butter, and sprinkle lightly with flour. Tap out the excess flour.
  2. Sift flour with salt twice.
  3. In an electric mixer fitted with a whisk attachment, whip egg whites on medium-high speed (speed 4 on my Kitchen Aid mixer). Once whites get foamy, stop the mixer and sprinkle baking powder over the whites. Turn on the mixer, and whip to mix well. Add sugar, a little at a time, in a steady stream. Continue whipping on medium-high speed until thick or just about stiff peak stage. Reduce speed, and add the beaten egg yolks, a little at a time. Continue whipping for 1 minute after all the yolks have been added, until thick and creamy. Pour out into a large mixing bowl.
  4. Clean the mixer bowl and dry thoroughly. Place butter and condensed milk in the bowl. Using the electric mixer fitted with a paddle attachment, beat on medium speed (speed 3) until light and fluffy, about 5 minutes. Add almond essence, vanilla extract and brandy (if using), and beat for 15 seconds until well blended.
  5. Add one cup of egg mixture and beat for 30 seconds till well mixed. Fold in the flour-salt mixture lightly together with the rest of the egg mixture, all at once. Pour batter into the prepared cake pan. Level the surface evenly.
  6. Bake at 175°C (350° F) for 10 minutes. Reduce oven temperature to 135°C (275° F) and bake for a further 60 to 75 minutes, or until a metal skewer inserted into the centre of the cake emerges free of batter. When cake is done, remove pan from the oven and place on a cooling rack. Let the cake cool in the pan for 10 to 15 minutes, then turn out onto a cooling rack to cool completely.
Nutrition Information:
Yield: 20 Serving Size: 1
Amount Per Serving: Calories: 337Total Fat: 21gSaturated Fat: 13gTrans Fat: 1gUnsaturated Fat: 7gCholesterol: 143mgSodium: 351mgCarbohydrates: 31gFiber: 0gSugar: 19gProtein: 5g

All nutritional values are approximate only.


  1. Hello Aisha, you don’t need to substitute the brandy at all. Just omit it altogether.

  2. Im non alcoholic. What can i use to substitute the brandy?

  3. Hello Patricia, here are the ingredient weights in ounces:
    11 oz flour; 11 oz sugar; 16 oz butter (or 12.3 oz butter for less rich version).

  4. Hi Alaa, I’m sorry to hear it didn’t work out. To bake this cake, you need both top and bottom heat of the oven, with the cake pan placed in the lower half of the oven. Sounds like the sides of cake baked too quickly before the inside was done, sometimes this means the cake is placed too close to the top heat, or the temperature could be too high. Though margarine is a common substitute for butter, it is not recommended in baking where a recipe calls for butter, unless specified, as it has lower fat content and higher water content, so it will affect the texture of the cake. Margarine is also not as flavourful as butter.

  5. Hi dear thanks for the amazing cake .i tryed it on my visit to china but when i made it it was a complete failier . It was done from the edges and raw from the middle . Shoud i led the oven from top and bottom or only bottom . And can i use margrine insted of butter ?

    Thanks dear

  6. This recipe sounds wonderful, and I want to try it, but do you have the measurements in standard and not metric, please???

  7. Hi Rachel, I’ve just written back to all your queries in one reply. Hoping for success for you!

  8. Hi Rachel, thank you for writing in, and I think you’re so sweet to bake this for you Mum’s birthday! I hope she loves old-school butter cakes like this one! Let me try to answer your questions as best I can:
    1. Yes, rum is perfectly fine in place of brandy.
    2. This cake batter is not as light or airy as cupcake batter, so I wouldn’t recommend it.
    3. The eggs need to be fairly large eggs, between 60 to 62 gm in weight.
    4. I use a Kitchen Aid Artisan series, 5-quart s/steel bowl, with up to 10 speeds (300 W). This mixer works fine for this recipe, but I have to say that you’ll need at least a 5-quart mixer bowl. I actually do all the folding by hand, where stated in the recipe, as using the mixer would risk over-beating the batter. If you find the quantity of cake batter too much to handle in the mixer bowl, you could transfer to a large mixing bowl that allows you to fold in the flour and egg mixtures more easily.
    5. I don’t know of a suitable substitute for condensed milk, and can only suggest you leave it out entirely if you don’t wish to add it. However, the texture and flavour of the cake may not turn out as originally intended.
    I would usually suggest to halve the recipe, if you’re baking for the first time (maybe a dry run before the big day?). Heee… I really hope this turns out awesome for you! Good luck, and I hope to hear from you on how it went!

  9. Uh and one more other thing, can I also substitute condensed milk with evaporated milk? Should the measurements be more then?

  10. Hi Celia! Thank you for sharing this, it sounds really yummy and I’m planning to try this recipe out for my mom’s birthday next week. (I haven’t baked in umpteen years and I’ve never been a pro to begin with lol). Anyway I have a few novice questions, please bear with me.
    1. Can I use bacardi rum instead of brandy?
    2. I can use this same recipe to make cupcakes too I suppose?
    3. What is the size of the eggs here because I was thinking of using kampung eggs
    4. What is the brand and the wattage (or capacity) of the cake mixer that u use? I read alot about the issues on the folding and I’m wondering if maybe the size of mixer makes the difference too

    Thank you

  11. Hi Teng, thank you so much for writing in! I’m so excited that you’re giving this recipe a try, and I really, really, really want this to turn out well for you too. So, I’ll try my very best to give you the answers you need.
    1) I’ve never dealt with gas ovens before, but from what I’ve read, if you have gas mark settings on your oven, you can start baking at Gas Mark 4 (350 deg F or 175 deg C) for 10 mins, before turning down to Gas Mark 1 (275 deg F or 135 deg C). Each gas oven varies in their temperature settings, so whatever settings correspond to those temperatures on your oven. It’s to be expected that the oven temperature will take considerable time to reduce. For more reading on how to bake in gas ovens, here’s an article I hope you’ll find helpful. Please note that baking times are often longer in gas ovens as well, so be prepared to bake for additional 15 to 30 minutes or until your cake is baked through.
    2) Yes, plain flour is the same as all-purpose flour. This was easy!
    3) Yes, you can omit salt if using salted butter. But I find adding just a pinch is good too!
    4) I usually use 56 to 60 gm eggs here, so yolks will weigh between 16 to 18 gm each, and whites between 40 to 42 gm each.
    The step-by-step photos should provide a good, visual guide for you.

    This makes quite a large amount of batter, Teng, so it might be a good idea to make a smaller cake using half the recipe amounts- it just makes handling and working with the batter a lot easier on your first time. Should you have any further questions, please feel free to ask! I’m happy to help! Good luck and I’m eager to hear how it turns out!

  12. Hi celia!

    I love butter cakes and have been been looking for the perfect recipe, and stumbled into yours! I’ll try baking this as soon as i have my questions answered :
    1. I don’t use electric ovens, so how do i lower down the temp (as gas oven doesn’t shift that quick)? What can i do here?
    2. Is plain flour the same as all purpose flour? Or should i use cake flour?
    3. If i use salted butter, do i omit the salt in the recipe?
    4. Egg sizes differ here – what’s the value of egg yolks and egg whites in grams?

    Sorry for all the questions but i just really want this to be perfect?


  13. Hi Therese, yes it is.

  14. Therese Brausch

    is condensed milk the same as sweetened condensed milk?

  15. Hi Andrea, sorry to hear this wasn’t as moist as you wanted. May I ask if you had any issues while making the cake? Were the ingredient amounts the same as per the recipe? It would be helpful to know so that I could get to understand what may have turned out this cake differently, because moistness hasn’t been a problem with this recipe so far. Thank you for your time and feedback!

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